Contains macro- and micronutrients as described by Driver & Kuniyuki (1984) and McGranahan et al. (1987). Contains 10 g/L sucrose. Without vitamins. This medium was developed for the multiplication of shoots from nodal explants. The medium was supplemented with 4.5 μM BA and 5 nM IBA. Rooting the shoots was enhanced by dipping the basal ends of the shoots in 5 mM IBA prior to transferring to the greenhouse.
Contains macro- and micronutrients as described by Gupta & Durzan (1985). This medium was developed to promote shoot proliferation. This formulation has approximately ¼ the concentration of NH4NO3 and KNO3 compared to MS. Additional Ca+2 and NO3- ions are supplied by Ca(NO3)2.
Contains the macro- and micronutrients as described by Chee & Pool (1987). This medium was developed to improve grape shoot multiplication. This formulation has reduced levels of Chloride, Iodide, and manganese compared to MS. Calcium Chloride was replaced by Calcium Nitrate, thus improving the quality of grape shoots.
Contains 0.2 mg/L 6-Benzylaminopurine (BA, product B800). Contains the macro- and micronutrients, vitamins, and supplements required to culture orchids.
Contains the macro- and micronutrients as described by Anderson (1978, 1980). Anderson achieved a two-fold increase in multiplication of red raspberries using this formulation compared to MS. The optimal concentrations of growth regulators for shoot multiplication of red and black raspberries was 0.1 - 2.5 μM IBA and 4.5 - 9.0 μM 6-BA.